The revised performance components were defined as follows: Research has shown a balance between do the job and friends and family predicts well-being and general quality of life. People interact with the environment by using their occupational skills. Many issues that have an impact on a therapeutic intervention are culturally determined, including beliefs, values, customs, patterns of authority, how decisions are made and individual roles Bonder In this model occupation is classified into three categories referred to as occupational purposes and these are; self-care, productivity and leisure. Canadian occupational therapists created a model in the early s to support the use of this approach and have continued to develop both the model and its application in a variety of clinical settings see Chapter As a result, in practice there is a shift away from treatment alone, but just like performance, engagement is also an outcome of the dynamic interdependent relationship between the person, occupation and environment.
Reprinted from Townsend, E. The OT given her with resources that would help with vocational readiness. In Enabling Occupation II: CMOP-E upholds this view, however moves beyond just occupational performance to encompass engagement. This broadens the scope of practice of the profession. The revised performance components were defined as follows: These components happen to be the core dimensions of interest in the occupational therapy profession.
The institutional environment includes legal elements that often overlap with the economic one as control of funds and who makes financial decisions often become legal matters Sumsion stuey The Canadian model provides therapists with a simple, clear, conceptual framework for thinking about the person, with the person, throughout the occupational therapy process.
Applying the Canadian Model of Occupational Performance
In Enabling Occupation II: Therefore it is important for occupational therapists to remember that occupational performance is where the unique being, the caes and occupation overlap and that all environments are of equal importance in therapeutic considerations Law et al Leisure is important since it allows an individual to get a balanced life. Some of the eligibility criteria for AISH are: Employed in the evenings limited her options to meet new people and expand her social network. Reprinted from Townsend, E.
The Canadian Model of Occupational Performance applied to females with osteoporosis.
Leisure activities may include quiet activities, such as for example reading, or dynamic leisure such as sports, and socialization. It offers OTs with a apparent conceptual framework for taking into consideration the person occupationak the entire occupational procedure.
CMOP-E – group 2a
In summary, this model outlined that the goal of occupational therapy was to promote or maintain health therpy performance of occupational skills throughout the lifespan, and in all stages of health and illness.
This broadens the scope of practice of the profession. The latter are implemented as we learn the rules and roles that govern behaviour Hagedorn However, this issue was addressed in when the model was officially named CAOT The original four components — mental, physical, spiritual and cop-e — could potentially be viewed in isolation from each other, and have therefore been developed into three components — affective, physical and cognitive — which facilitate interaction.
Models offer OTs with a framework to assemble ccase about the average person and to program interventions.
Self-care, productivity and leisure remain as performance components and are now considered to be the key components of occupation. Application of the model enables optimal function of the occupational therapist within a multidisciplinary team and therefore strengthens the role of occupational therapy.
Theoretical underpinning Some of the theories that inform the model include humanistic theories, evident in the emphasis on client centredness, as well as accompanying principles. International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. This advancement was necessitated by the current developments and improvements in knowledge of occupation-based, client-centred and evidence-based occupational therapy practice.
OT Conceptual Framework: Lecture 8
The central sphere now focuses on the person, including their spiritual, affective, cognitive and physical components. Application in Practice In the research study, the interaction between your occupations of efficiency and leisure and the environment is evident.
Leather, Pyrgas, Beale, and Lawrence conducted a study that examined the direct and indirect effects of windows at work on job satisfaction, objective to quit, and general well-being. In addition, society expects these individuals to work. This version is shown in Figure 7.
The model is based on the assumptions and core beliefs of the profession. CAOT also recognized that there were problems with this model and these were addressed in the revised version. Recommended reading Polatajko, H. The person is situated at the centre of the model and is represented by a triangle. This chapter aims to ensure that students, therapists and educators understand the origins of this approach and how to apply the outcome measure.
Some elements that may affect job satisfaction include the aftereffect of lighting, noise levels, and floor configuration and furniture design Vischer, In this discussion, the CMOP was used to illustrate how changes in one aspect of the system, such as the person or their occupation, affect all other aspects. The revised presentation is now an interactive model showing relationships between persons, environment and occupation CAOT hherapy Reprinted from Enabling Occupation: McColl and Pranger criticized this original model, saying it was developed in an unorthodox manner.