Some species such as hog deer Axis porcinus , water buffalos Bubalus bubalis , barasingha or swamp deer Cervus duvauceli , Javan rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondaicus , single horned rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis and the mugger crocodiles or marsh crocodiles Crocodylus palustris started to become extinct in the Sundarbans towards the middle of the 20th century, because of extensive poaching and man hunting by the British. According to news paper source at least 1 lakh people were affected by this cyclone. Mangrove and other plants are planted in the fringe area to meet the local need of fuel wood for about villages and to conserve the buffer area. In the dry winter season the land is normally uncropped and used for cattle grazing. Paul’s Cathedral Portuguese Church St. A grey-headed fish eagle.

Finless porpoises , Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins , spinner dolphins , and pantropical spotted dolphins are also found in this area [14] while false killer whales and rough-toothed dolphins are rarer. Supported the Forest Directorate with equipment and training, as well as community engagement to reduce dependence on forest resources. The study also mentioned about services such as the generation of employment for local communities 36 million , moderation of cyclonic storms million year , provision of habitat and refugia for wildlife million and sequestration of carbon million. Archived from the original PDF on 2 February Piyali Known as the gateway to Sundarbans, Piyali is about 72 kms from Kolkata by road and is close to Sajnekhali, Netidhopani and Sudhanyakhali by waterways. Ecological succession is generally defined as the successive occupation of a site by different plant communities.

The Sundarbans National Park, an invincible kingdom of Royal Bengal tigers, is one of the most riveted tourism destinations in the eastern belt of India, especially for the wildlife and nature lovers. The Sundarbans’ floor varies from 0.

Also, the Bengal Basin is slowly tilting towards the east because of neo- tectonic movement, forcing greater freshwater input to the Bangladesh Sundarbans. It yields a hard wood, used for building houses and making boats, furniture and other things. Besides tiger, the reserve has fishing cat, spotted deer, rhesus monkey, and wild pigs.


InSunderban became a Biosphere Reserve.

About Sundarbans | WWF India

Ramsar sites in India. Each range is further sub-divided into beats. As a result, the salinity of the Bangladesh Sundarbans is much lower than that of the Indian side. Sundarbans National Park is home to the Royal Bengal tigers. Additionally, the Sundarbans serves a crucial function as a protective barrier for the millions of inhabitants in and around Khulna nqtional Mongla against the floods that result from the cyclones.

Sundarbans National Park

The study also mentioned about services such sundargan the generation of employment for local communities 36 millionmoderation of cyclonic storms million yearprovision of habitat and refugia for wildlife million and sequestration of carbon million.

The Sunderban Tiger Reserve has several challenges to its future operations.

essay on sundarban national park

Murlen Phawngpui Dampa Tiger Reserve. There was a report of a tiger wandering inside an abandoned cattle shed in a village, which was captured and released back in the wild. Additional funding is received natiomal the Project Tiger from the Central Government.

Rising Seas creates 70, Climate Refugees”. Rivers in the Sundarbans are meeting places of salt water and freshwater.

Ramsar Sites Information Service. The flats are exposed in low tides and submerged in high tides, thus being changed morphologically even in one tidal cycle. According to the survey, tigers and 30, chitra deer are now in the Sunderban area.

The management of wildlife is restricted to, firstly, the protection of fauna from poaching, and, secondly, designation of some areas as wildlife sanctuaries where no extraction of forest produce is allowed and where the wildlife face few disturbances.

Integrated resource development of the Sundarbans Reserved Forests, Bangladesh. Category All Cultural Natural Mixed.

Sundarbans National Park – Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Sundarban forest lies in the vast delta on the Bay of Bengal formed by the super confluence of the GangesHooghlyPadmaBrahmaputra and Meghna rivers across southern Bangladesh. On May 4, it was made a National Park.


The royal Bengal tigers have developed a unique characteristic of swimming in the saline waters, and are famous for their man-eating tendencies. Hence, there is heavy biotic pressure for forest resources.

They are the right environment for mangroves.

essay on sundarban national park

Here are few tourist destinations in and around the national park, which you can consider to visit while visiting the Sundarbans National Park.

The World Heritage property is comprised of three wildlife sanctuaries which form the core breeding area of a number of species of endangered wildlife. Sundarbans is home to the Royal Bengal tigers along with a sizeable population of spotted deer, wild pigs, monkeys, kingfishers, herons and eagles. A victim of large-scale clearing and settlement to support one of the densest human populations in Asia, this ecoregion is under a great threat of extinction.

The site includes the entire landscape of mangrove habitats with an adequate surrounding area of aquatic both marine and freshwater and terrestrial habitats, and thus all the areas essential for the long term conservation of the Sundarbans and its rich and distinct biodiversity The World Heritage property is comprised of three wildlife sanctuaries which form the core breeding area of a number of species of endangered wildlife.

About Sundarbans

This tree has a unique ability to stand and stay alive in the inundated land for a long time. A blue-eared kingfisher sighted in the Sundarbans.

essay on sundarban national park

Researches from the School of Oceanographic Studies, Jadavpur University, estimated the annual rise in sea level to be 8 millimetres 0.

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