The aim of this study was to assess the potential for future violent behaviour comparing patients recruited from forensic and general psychiatric wards in Germany. All scales start with some rational process of criterion selection based upon a review of the empirical literature. Now, I see such a list far more frequently, along with a clear articulation of the evaluator’s reasoning in considering and weighing each criterion. References Publications referenced by this paper. Automated Risk Assessment for School Violence:

High density sex offenses Early risk assessment instruments, frequently circulated informally among spe- cialists, were little more than lists of items the author decided were linked to increased risk; many, if not most, of the items had no empirical foundation. Attitudes that support or condone sex offenses Future plans Their authors take seriously the idea that research and clinical practice should enrich each other. The manual itself provides the research literature supporting the selection of each risk item.

Additional studies are needed to address these questions. An introduction with emphasis on findings from a naturalistic test of interrater reliability. Authorities still write articles urging the seemingly impossible: Figures, Tables, and Annotatec from this paper. Risk assessment and receiver operating characteristic curves. Worse yet, what if our research and academic friends are right?

Annotated Bibliography

In the weeks preceding discharge, structured assessments of the future risk of violent behaviour were completed using the HCR First, bibliograhpy PCL-R even in its short version takes a long time to administer; the interview alone is generally thought to require at least two hours.


The SVR has its items divided into three areas: Escalation in frequency or severity of sex offenses The Contribution of Age-at-release. Its items have a unique dual scoring method: By Vivienne de Vogel.

The PCL-R measures two factors: Second, some of the PCL-R criteria assessing antisocial lifestyle factor 2 are similar to HCR items, such as prior supervision failure, employment problems, relationship instability, early maladjustment, and plans that lack feasi- bility.

The manual itself is helpful to read in preparing for cross-examination.

hcr 20 annotated bibliography

Also, it is unclear what rules one can use to combine the items to arrive at an assessment of risk. Of course, if a plethysmograph were essential to assessing sex offender risk, if its elimination from an assessment battery led to poor predictions, and if there were no alternative methods of obtaining information about deviant sexual interest, then the time and money to include it in a standard battery might be defensible.

Citations Publications citing this paper. Such studies would be helpful in understanding the properties of the items. Assessing Risk for Violence, Version, 2. The authors reviewed the literature and selected 20 items for which they found consistent empirical support.

The Assessment of Dangerousness and Risk. The HCR’s total score is used for the above research, although this is not how the authors recommend using the scale in practice.


“HCR Violence Risk Assessment Scheme: Overview and Annotated Bibliography” by Kevin S. Douglas

Mental disorder and violent behavior. By Corine de Ruiter and Daan van Beek. Offenders with mental illness have criminogenic needs, too: Fortunately, during the past decade, we have made progress.

The HCR as a measure of reliable and clinically significant change in violence risk among annnotated psychiatric inpatients.

hcr 20 annotated bibliography

Beyond empirically determined accuracy and precision, one must also consider the cost of administering a risk assessment scale, both in time and money. Which items are redundant, adding little explanatory power?

HCR-20 Violence Risk Assessment Scheme: Overview and Annotated Bibliography

Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. The HCR has a base of predictive validity studies, with a link to recidivism and good interrater reliability indexes; the SVR, given its newness, does not yet have such studies.

hcr 20 annotated bibliography

Implications for practice and the education of psychologists and other mental health professionals. The HCR in personality disordered female offenders:

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