LITERATURE REVIEW ON GNETUM AFRICANUM

To investigate the effect of Gnetum africanum on its pharmacopotency as well as its nutritional properties. Chemical characterization and functional properties. These drugs, by reducing the life span of red blood cells below that deemed normal about days , can lower the circulating red blood cell population in susceptible individuals. The DPPH assay measures the electron-donating ability of the compounds in a mixture and thus provides an estimate of the antioxidant activity due to free radical scavenging. Animals that survive for more than a day frequently develop liver necrosis and renal failure. Somatic embryogenesis in Gnetum ula Brongn. This was examined microscopically using X10 objective lens.

The DPPH assay measures the electron-donating ability of the compounds in a mixture and thus provides an estimate of the antioxidant activity due to free radical scavenging. There is paucity of information on this aspect of G. Skip to main content. The atomic absorption spectrophotometer Analyst , Perkin Elmer, Waltham, MA, USA was used in the analysis of Fe, Mg and Ca while the molybdate method was used for the analysis of the phosphorous content of the raw and cooked vegetables [11]. Mineral assay The atomic absorption spectrophotometer Analyst , Perkin Elmer, Waltham, MA, USA was used in the analysis of Fe, Mg and Ca while the molybdate method was used for the analysis of the phosphorous content of the raw and cooked vegetables [11]. Once it was incorrectly thought that endothelial cells cells lining blood vessels performed the same function as macrophages.

Official Methods of Analysis. Chlorophyll is very sensitive to any pH below 7 and is converted to pheophytin. Inhalation induced lung carcinomas and lymphosarcomas of the spleen in female mice. The long term effect of feeding Gnetum africanum -supplemented diet GASD on weight and some biochemical parameters are presented in Table 2.

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The decrease in the lipid content of the cooked G.

Literature review on gnetum africanum

Erythroblasts NRBCs — nucleated red blood cells may also appear in the circulating blood. Asian Journal of Biochemistry, 4: Nig J Nutr Sci. Respiratory and dermal exposure may produce deficits in concentration, comprehension, memory, task performance and mood status. Protein measurement with the folin phenol reagent.

Literature review on gnetum africanum

The Potassium ferricyanide converts haemoglobin to methaemoglobin. Oxygen activation generation of a superoxide occurs during one of the reactions of this metabolic sequence.

literature review on gnetum africanum

RBCs travel the circulatory system until, at the tissues, iron atoms release oxygen into interstitial fluid and hemoglobin molecules take up carbon rview. Both are obtainable from a normal diet and must pass through the gastrointestinal GI tract.

Somatic embryogenesis in Gnetum ula Brongn. The hepatocytes of the rats fed GASD were elongated while the portal tracts were enlarged with dilated vessels.

literature review on gnetum africanum

Traditional medicines of Congo Brazaville Paris: Eosinophils attack some parasites and inactivate mediators released during allergic reactions. This hormone stimulates bone marrow to produce stem cells and speeds the passage of newly formed RBCs through the various generations.

literature review on gnetum africanum

Then, 10 mL of the literaturre was pipetted and the colour was developed by the addition of 10 mL of potassium dichromate, and the absorbance of the resulting solution was read at nm against the reagent blank [15].

Blood samples were collected in labelled sample bottles with drops of Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid EDTA. Involved in cellular immunity, T cells carry receptors for molecules on other cells or in body fluids.

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Wood and Bark anatomy of African species of Gnetum. One end of the capillary tube was sealed with hot flame from a gas bunsen burner. africanym

Impact of different cooking methods on food quality: Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Weight changes of animals in the two groups were recorded on a monthly basis. The higher quantities of these minerals in the cooked vegetable compared with the raw vegetable were expected since the cooked vegetable had higher quantities of ash reflection of total mineral content than the raw vegetable.

The percentage decreases in lipids, carbohydrates and energy value were 4. Both are needed for cell synthesis of DNA deoxyribonucleic acid, the genetic material that controls heredity. The phytochemical constituents of Gnetum africanum which include flavonoids and phytosterol are possible candidates that increase white blood cells.

Blood is one of the most complex organ systems in the human body. There are several varieties of these leafy vegetables either in the wild or under cultivation in the rural areas Ayodele, and leafy vegetables have been cited as a potential o of micronutrients Ejoh et al, as well as in addition to serving as a critical source of micronutrients, Tanumihardjo et al ; Kimura et al, The choice of analysis of the leaves of G.

Ethnobotany, Conservation and Sustainable development.

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