Maulana Azad was again arrested in for violation of the salt laws as part of Gandhiji’s Salt Satyagraha. Retrieved 23 July He is commonly remembered as Maulana Azad ; the word Maulana is an honorific meaning ‘Our Master’, and he had adopted Azad Free as his pen name. Fearing degeneration into violence, Gandhi asked Indians to suspend the revolt and undertook a five-day fast to repent and encourage others to stop the rebellion. This page was last edited on 16 May , at I am an essential element, which has gone to build India. With his popularity increasing across India, the government outlawed Azad’s second publication under the Defence of India Regulations Act and arrested him.
He was a staunch opponent of partition and supported a confederation of autonomous provinces with their own constitutions but common defense and economy. His father Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Khairuddin bin Ahmed AlHussaini wrote twelve books, had thousands of disciples, and claimed noble ancestry,  while his mother was Sheikha Alia bint Mohammad, the daughter of Sheikh Mohammad bin Zaher AlWatri, himself a reputed scholar from Medina who had a reputation that extended even outside of Arabia. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad tried to convince his colleagues to shed their hostility towards Muslims. Facebook Like , , , , , , He was a great Nationalist leader, a staunch Congressman, a firm Gandhite and had been to jail several times.
Muslim religious and political leaders criticised Azad as being too close to the Congress and placing politics before Muslim welfare.
Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. All political prisoners were released in and Azad led the Congress in the elections for the new Constituent Assembly of Indiawhich would draft India’s constitution. The proposal advocated a federal system with a limited central government and autonomy for the provinces. He was particularly active in the short-lived Khilafat movement —24which defended the Ottoman sultan as the caliph the head of the worldwide Muslim community and even briefly enlisted the support of Mohandas K.
Nationalists were infuriated that Viceroy Lord Linlithgow had entered India into the war without consulting national leaders. Inat an age of 35, he became the youngest person to serve as the President of the Indian National Congress.
In the years following the movement, Azad travelled across India, working extensively to promote Gandhi’s vision, education and social reform.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies Maulana Abul Kalam Azad : A short Biography
Azad was the son of an Indian Muslim scholar living in Mecca and his Arabic wife. Azad took up responsibility for the safety of Muslims in India, touring affected areas in Bengal, Bihar, Assam and the Punjab, guiding the organisation of refugee camps, supplies and security.
Kamaraj Mother Teresa Arguing that the rebellion had been mistimed, Azad attempted to convince his colleagues that the Congress should agree to negotiate with the British and call for the suspension of disobedience xbul the British agreed to transfer power.
Maulana Azad, committed to a united India until his last attempt, was condemned by the advocates of Pakistan, especially the Muslim League.
Creating his own niche within the movement, he helped to set up secret revolutionary centres all over North India and in Bombay now Mumbai.
I am part of the indivisible unity that is Indian nationality. Arabic grammar and literature, mathematics, logic, and, in ni cases, natural science were studied in….
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Short Biography Essay On Short Words Of Life – Short Biography
Phil and PhD . While Gandhi and others expressed scepticism of this clause, Azad argued that Jinnah’s demand for Pakistan would be buried and the concerns of the Muslim community would be assuaged.
As a young man, Azad composed poetry in Urduas well as treatises on religion and philosophy. In the supreme executive of the Congress it is a personal loss. Archived from the original PHP on 4 December Start ezsay free trial today for unlimited access to Britannica. The central government abyl have Defence, Foreign Affairs and Communication while the provinces would win all other subjects unless they voluntarily relinquished selected subjects to the Central Government.
Azad was one of the main organizers of the Dharasana Satyagraha inand emerged as one of the most important national leaders of the time, prominently leading the causes of Hindu-Muslim unity as well as espousing secularism and socialism.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography
His studies in Eastern and Western philosophy were wide and varied. The three men founded the Jamia Millia Islamia in Delhi as an institution of higher education managed entirely by Indians without any British support or control.
Ooopss, you are using a very old browser. Thank you for your feedback. It is often said that his book India wins Freedom is about his political life and Ghubar-e-Khatir deals with his social and spiritual life. Educated sssay to the traditional curriculum, the young Kalam learnt Arabic and Persian at first and then philosophy, geometry, and algebra. Supporting the call for the British to ” Quit India “, Azad began exhorting thousands of people in rallies across the nation to prepare for a definitive, all-out struggle.
He was the embodiment of the spirit of freedom and unity beyond distinctions of caste, creed and communalism. The political environment in India re-energised in with nationalist outrage against the Simon Commission appointed to propose constitutional reforms.
Maulana Azad: Essay on Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
The provinces of Bengal and Punjab were to be partitioned on religious lines, and on 3 June the British announced a proposal to partition India on religious lines, with the princely states free to choose between either dominion.
Reflections on India in the Twenty-first Century. Following the Gandhi-Irwin Pact inAzad was amongst millions of political prisoners released.