Remind students that their research question can provide the keywords for a targeted Internet search. Show how the research question in the Example Research Paper Scaffold goes beyond what is reported in a literature review and adds new information to what is already known. Using Internet search engines such as Google can be overwhelming to beginning researchers. This section may be one to two paragraphs. Instruct students to complete the Literature Review section of the Research Paper Scaffold, including the last name of the author and the publication date for each article to prepare for using APA citation style. Your students can save their work with Student Interactives. Find the latest in professional publications, learn new techniques and strategies, and find out how you can connect with other literacy professionals.
Remind students that it should include supporting facts from both the literature review and the test results if applicable. Handouts must be printed separately. Inform students of the schedule for submitting their research plans for approval and completing their original research. Explain that in a broad area such as political science, psychology, geography, or economics, a good question needs to focus on a particular controversy or perspective. How has glass affected human culture?
Scaffolding Methods for Research Paper Writing – ReadWriteThink
Provide a safe environment where students will want to take risks in exploring ideas. Have students find the specific information in each article that helps answer their research question, and highlight the relevant passages. If there are two or more solutions to a problem, which one is the best? Why did Martin Luther King Jr. Remind students that it should include supporting facts from both the literature review and the test results if applicable. Original Research Students should design some form of original research appropriate to their topics, but they do not necessarily have to conduct the experiments or surveys they propose.
For large classes, have students highlight relevant information as described below and submit the articles for assessment before beginning the session. Evaluating Web Pages for a Class Collection. Instruct students to fill in the first section of the Research Paper Scaffold, the Research Question, before Session 2.
Results optional Session 7: Quantitative studies have large numbers of participants and produce a large collection of data such as results from people taking a question survey. Observe readwfitethink and provide feedback as they complete each section of the Research Paper Scaffold.
Explain the difference between qualitative and quantitative research. Allowing a few days for students to refine and reflect upon their research question is best practice. Original Research Session 6: Students may identify only one main idea in each source, or they may find several.
Scaffolding Methods for Research Paper Writing
Introduce this session by explaining that students will collect five articles that help to answer their research question. Normally it takes one day to complete research plans and one to two weeks to conduct the test. This section may be one to two paragraphs. Avoid the use of personal pronouns such as I and my unless the research method was qualitative.
If you’ve got lessons plans, videos, activities, or other ideas you’d like to contribute, we’d love to hear resezrch you. Invite students to consider and briefly discuss the following questions: Each article used on the Research Paper Scaffold needs to yield several relevant facts, so students may need to collect more than five articles to have adequate sources.
Use active, present tense verbs when possible. Using these types of resources will help to ensure that students find relevant and appropriate information. Explain that in a broad area such as political science, psychology, geography, or economics, a readwritethihk question needs to focus on a particular controversy or perspective.
In many cases the full text of the articles is available only through subscription to a scholarly database. Allow students at least a week for research.
During collaborative work, offer feedback and guidance to those who need encouragement or require assistance scaffoold learning cooperation and tolerance. How can you tell whether the ideas you are reading are true? Demonstrate the use of any relevant subscription databases that are available to students through the school, as well as any Web directories or kid-friendly search engines such as KidzSearch that you would like them to use.
Explain to students that the procedures involved in writing a research paper follow in order, and each section of the scaffold builds upon the previous one. The example helps students clearly see how a research question leads to a literature review, which in turn leads to analysis, original research, results, and conclusion. Study results can be displayed in any readwritehink of visual medium, such as a poster, PowerPoint presentation, or brochure.
Students can also complete their research as homework. Show students how to create a reference list of cited material, using a model such as American Psychological Association APA style, on the Reference section of the scaffold.