Documents on the Khilafat Movement , New Delhi Learn more with Brainly! You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. The programme started with boycott of legislative councils, government schools, colleges and foreign goods. A large number of Muslim religious leaders began working to spread awareness and develop Muslim participation on behalf of the caliphate. As we all have gathered here to celebrate Christmas, I The Khilafat movement , also known as the Indian Muslim movement —24 , was a pan-Islamist political protest campaign launched by Muslims of British India led by Shaukat Ali , Mohammad Ali Jauhar and Abul Kalam Azad  to restore the caliph of the Ottoman Caliphate , who was considered the leader of Sunni Muslims, as an effective political authority.
By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. A lot of things are demanded of you, and oftentimes it seems like Anti-British activity In India: Government functions and surrender of titles and distinctions. Muslim religious leader Maulana Mehmud Hasan attempted to organize a national war of independence against the British with support from the Ottoman Empire. Occupation of Constantinople and Turkish War of Independence.
The Aims and Objects of Khilafat Movement
While seemingly pan-Islamic, the movement was primarily a means of achieving pan-Indian Muslim political mobilization. Answers come with explanations, so that you can learn.
This text is licensed under: Keep Exploring Britannica Muhammad. Islam portal Politics portal. This page was last edited on 16 Mayat essaj Occupation of Constantinople and Turkish War of Independence.
Khilafat movement | Indian Muslim movement |
Seeking to increase pressure on the British, the Khilafatists became a major part of the Non-cooperation movement — a nationwide campaign of mass, peaceful civil disobedience.
Free help with homework Free help with homework. The Khilafat administrators restraint the British government to treat turkey in the better way. The Montagu- Chelmsford Reforms of had failed to satisfy the Indian National congress and the discontented mood of the common people, peasants and workers because of the War time sufferings rise of the price of the commodities even did not change the policy of wages rise.
It made traditional Muslim scholars critical of the British. Economic boycott was more intense and successful as the value of imports of foreign cloths dropped from 10 billion rupees in to million inabout of half of fall down import of foreign goods. The Khilafat issue crystallized anti-British sentiments among Indian Muslims that had increased since the British declaration of war against the Ottomans in We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.
Its purpose was to pressure the British government to preserve the authority of the Ottoman Sultan as Caliph of Islam following the breakup of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the war.
The British attempt at clipping the power of the Sultan of Turkey and fragmentation of his territory after the World War I aroused publics are against British in India.
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Today, when year-old Buddha statues destroyed in Afghanistan, and the Indian army has lost thousands of soldiers to Islamic terrorism, the Muslims of India rarely take to the streets. Proponents of the Khilafat see it as the spark that led to the non-cooperation movement in India and a major milestone in improving Hindu-Muslim relations, while advocates of Pakistan and Muslim separatism see it as a major step towards establishing the separate Muslim state.
Khilafat suortforce that arose in India in the early 20th century as a result of Muslim fears for the integrity of Kihlafat. The Khilafat movement also benefited from Hindu-Muslim cooperation in the nationalist cause that had grown during the war, beginning with the Lucknow Pact of between the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League, and culminating in the protest against the Rowlatt anti-Sedition bills in Three a new fanatic leadership riding on the crest of the Khilafat wave came to wield the reigns of the Muslim leadership.
Congress leader Mohandas Gandhi and the Khilafat leaders promised to work and fight together for the causes of Khilafat and Swaraj. About 14, delegates attended the Nagpur session and they supported Mahatma Gandhi for the national movement.
The movement was a topic in Conference of London February ; however, nationalist Arabs saw it as threat of continuation of Islamic dominance of Arab lands. On 1st Khilaafat,the day on which the dead body of Bal Gangadhar Tilak was carried for his funeral, Mahatma Gandhi began his Non-Cooperation campaign.
This article was most recently revised and updated by Maren GoldbergAssistant Editor. The non-cooperation movemfnt was at first successful. The action becomes a part of the national movement. In the year of a secular government was formed in Turkey under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Pasha and the issue of Khilafat was abolished in Indian supporters of kkhilafat Khilafat cause sent a delegation to London in to plead their case, movemetn the British government treated the delegates as quixotic pan-Islamistsand did not change its policy toward Turkey.
Thus the Congress party lent the full support of its power, prestige and organisation to fight for an event that had occurred outside India. Internet URLs are the best. Principles of State and Government Asad Thank you for your feedback. A large numbers of Indian youth lefts the schools and colleges and cooperated with the movement.