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Book Summary: Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond
And yet individual people across societies are very much alike in terms of nature and intelligence. Download this Chart PDF. In no small part, Diamond writes his book in order to refute persistent, but ultimately unscientific, claims that whites, Europeans, and Westerners are superior to people from other parts of the world. Part 3 studies the role of bacteria and microbes in Western military supremacy, while also studying the history of writing and other technologies.
Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond
Sign In Sign Up. Diamond will show how humans learned to replace their hunter-gatherer practices with agricultural and industrial practices. LitCharts From the creators of SparkNotes, something better.
Furthermore, New Guineans spend more time exploring the world than siamonds Westerners who watch lots of TV. In Western society, survival was largely a product of being healthy and lucky—i. Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond.
Related Quotes with Explanations. Yali is one of the few individuals mentioned in the novel.
Racism, Violence, and Colonization. Many of the most famous European philosophers of the early modern era, such as John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, believed that humans responded to their environment in a limited sense: In the last 13, years or so, human history has proceeded in many different directions.
Part 2 focuses on food production and livestock cultivation and how it led to the eventual rise of the European powers. On the contrary, agriculture is just the most efficient way to extract food for certain times and places in the world—just as hunting and gathering has been the most efficient way in other places and at other times.
In many ways, hunter-gatherers are actually better off than people in a country like the U. Themes and Colors Key. Why, then, do some societies flourish while others do not? Many of the earliest civilizations did emerge near big rivers Egypt, Mesopotamia, etc. How can we improve? Jared Diamond, the author of the book, has spent most of his career trying to understand why different human civilizations developed in different ways. First, Diamond could be misinterpreted to be saying that he celebrates the Europeans for their conquests.
Another explanation is that civilizations with access to weaponry, immunity to infectious diseases, and proximity to metal were most successful.
Diamond takes a moment to clarify what his book is and isn’t, and to respond to some potential objections to his book. Part I studies the history of human evolution. There is absolutely no scientific evidence to support the idea that people in hunter-gatherer cultures are less talented or intelligent than their counterparts in an industrialized country.
Certain sumamrize have, by almost any material measure, been more successful than other societies: