To begin with, these young graduates returned to their native country to serve their State, which bestowed a familiar, temporary character upon such a distancing. They develop new strategies which symbolically question national borders and create multiple identities or hybrids of transcultural values. The impression of a multiple presence replaces in some ways the impression of distancing, for those individuals who feel they are able to act. In the same way, when they graduate, the fact of evolving in potentially multiple socio- cultural contexts leads to added complications. Some integrate transnational networks, for example Cesari, , Lacroix, ; , which link their countries of origin and residence, enabling them to participate in the social, economic and cultural lives of the two spaces.
This process, far from disappearing, even increases with time in their professional activity, due to the necessity of taking into account the decisions to be made, mostly concerning their family. How do they solve the question of where they will settle and for how long temporary, definitive etc? In fact, the States seem to have understood the interest this skills mobilization Meyer of their scientific and technical diaspora3 Meyer, could generate, hence a change of direction in the speeches of politicians toward graduates abroad, especially in Tunisia and Morocco4. Eighty-five semi-directive interviews were carried out of Algerian, Moroccan and Tunisian students in training in engineering schools in France5 and qualified working engineersin several countries6. Hommes et Migrations, ,
Thus, the prospects of returning reduce proportionally in relation to the amount of time spent abroad. This is the case, for example, for Mounir, a Moroccan engineer, convinced ,ondialisation his role as an executive in a training and computer consultancy office for Moroccan and European SMEs wishing dizsertation invest and set up in Africa, could have made him an ambassador for the creation of a branch of the CNAM in Morocco: I tell myself that perhaps one day, I will create something there….
Thanks to the Internet, social networks and digital platforms, highly qualified and skilledMaghrebians can communicate with their nearest and dearest and share their ideas.
I was contacted by a head hunter…. As for the mondialisatlon approach, we carried out a structural analysis of the interviews, so as to up-date the rationale involved. All of them describe their path as originating from a series of choices that they made in relation to the priorities that they had fixed andtheir personal aspirations.
Despite this explosion of migratory paths, it is still noticeable that the dissertatjon concerned, eager for things new, never cut the ties which link them to their native culture, and their nearest and dearest. What I know, I know already. I will think about a little international mobility. There, I would quite happily go to the Paris region…I sometimes tell myself, my family….
They are different from the others however, in the mondiaoisation that they give to the opening of possible fields, that is to say the rapport they have with their environment; certain graduates express a continuous desire to broaden it by being ééchanges on the lookout for opportunities or satisfaction with their current situation by privileging professional stability. They are faced with numerous questions that they must attempt to answer.
Un punto di riferimento
What perception do they have of their career path, their profession as an engineer and their history? What strategies should they develop to adapt to their new socio-cultural environment? They occupy engineering positions in France, the Maghreb or other countries. Thus, the questions échanfes settlement of and identification with different lands often end by becoming central in the views of the interviewees. In the same way, when they graduate, the fact of evolving in potentially multiple socio- cultural contexts leads to added complications.
Beyond its communicational function, the use of the web has also facilitated their copresence in several places at the same time Nedelcu,; Diminescu, and become a social support which enables them to maintain and create broadened networks built in distinct temporalities Marchandise,and thus preserve their links with their native country as well as those in which they have worked or trained.
But as I found an internship which led to me being employed dlssertation Australia, well I reversed the sequence.
Log In Sign Up. The professional identity of these engineers is built in a multi- dimensional context, which mixes personal aspiration, family injunctions eg political and economic contexts.
Finally, if migration appears to be rarely definitive or uni-directional, the impossibility which is widely shared to determine a possible return to their native country, reveals the current existence of a transnational circulatory dynamic for numerous expatriates. Via an examination of the diverse explanations, it reveals the importance that this question holds in the discussions and minds of the interviewees.
Circular cross-border dynamic, Highly skilled Maghrebians, Mobility.
UED Pescara – Università Europea del Design di Pescara
Whereas the unskilled male work force of Maghrebian origin has been studied since the first half of the twentieth century Ray, ; Sayad, ; Atouf,the less numerous studies of the highly qualified and skilled migrants date from the beginning of dew twenty-firstcentury.
Presses Universitaires de France. La librairie de Recueil Sirey. To try to sooth the tensions associated with the question of distancing brought about by each decision made, these highly qualified and skilledMaghrebians develop reappropriation of space strategies by creating new strategies constant toing and froing among the native and host countries, the creation of networks, associations, Journal of Mediterranean Knowledge-JMK,1 160 ISSN: Following their independence, Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia saw the first waves of expatriation of their qualified migrants, mostly to France.
This migratory rationale is demonstrated by frequent toing and froing between the country of settlement and the native country, on the part of the Maghrebian engineers who hold transcultural values Roulleau-Berger, and who have a multi-identity. Faced with a sharp decline in the public sector and a lack of pulling power in the careers proposed within this burgeoning industry Gobe,the situation evolved in the following decade which enabled the internationalization of their careerpaths.
It is the return on investment that Algeria granted us… it is really the least we can do for Algeria. How do they solve the question of their geographical location and its nature, temporary, definitive etc?
Circulation estudiantine en France et projets migratoires sous contraintes: