Behavior Analysis and Learning 3rd ed. Intermittent reinforcement is when a desired behavior is reinforced only occasionally when it is displayed. Rather than taking disciplinary action against these employees, the company sought out a solution to the problem and asked the mothers what could be done to avoid this situation in the future. Remember me on this computer. A reinforcement of a desired behavior occurs after a variable number of actions have been performed ex: Retrieved on February 2nd, from http:

Failure increases dissatisfaction, and the absence of the relation among the experiences weakens them. A Professional Development Plan. A reward that works for one person may not work for someone else. With the baseline recorded, it is easier to observe the benefits of using the Behavioral Modification Model. An operant and social learning approach 2nd ed.

This happens until the behavior gradually decreases to zero or the desired level M. This removal of the monitoring is the reward for consistently doing their job well. A good ratio is five enjoyable interactions to one disagreeable interaction Baumeister et al. The Puzzles of Motivation.

negative reinforcement essay study mode

Managers chose to focus on feedback and positive reinforcement. The number of behaviors required to obtain the reward changes. Because of this, classroom discipline is thought as part of teaching which includes instructions, communication, structure and classroom esssay and also parent-pupil relationship Charles, The fixed interval schedule is a form of continuous schedule and works well for punishment or learning a new behavior Heffner, It could be that the student keeps making mischief in the class because he feels unappreciated and unnoticed by others.


Extinctionon the other hand, involves withholding the pleasing stimulus that is maintaining the unwanted behavior each time the behavior occurs. Punishment is often mistakenly confused with negative reinforcement.

Positive Vs Negative Reinforcement

The emphasis here was the immediacy at which the chimpanzees applied their response, as opposed to a more gradual learned behavior. Besides that, the teacher needs to know the baseline of current behaviour. When an employee knows they will be terminated for having too many unexcused absences, they will make sure to avoid being absent without an excuse.

Punishment may be adjusted in those situations, provided the rationale is made abundantly clear to all concerned Robbins et al. Behaviour modification is based on the principles of operant conditioning, which were developed by American behaviourist B.

(DOC) Essay on Behavior Modification | Ain Junian –

Log In Sign Up. Herrnstein, a student of B.

negative reinforcement essay study mode

As an example, if the cat would press a bar or pull on a string, a door would open allowing the cat to escape. Behaviour modification is based more the principles of operant conditioning, which were developed by American behaviourist B. Besides that, it is difficult for a teacher to identify the appropriate reward for each student. The following clip from CBS’s “The Big Bang Theory” television show displays and explains the aspects of positive reinforcement, and a quick example of positive punishment.


Examples of Negative Reinforcement

The type of punishment most people are familiar with is positive punishment. It is important to clearly explain the reasons for the punishment and offer the employee alternative good behaviors.

Screaming so Timmy doesn’t have to eat carrots is an example of negative reinforcement.

negative reinforcement essay study mode

Perceptions of a person being punished can be vastly different than the person actually doing the punishing. The aggregate behavior of G11 came down from The Sciences and Engineering, 67 6 How do they get to be this reinforcemen Guidelines to Ensure Effective Workplace Punishment.

The initial response in this example could be to just point the left finger.

(DOC) Essay on Behavior Modification | Ain Junian –

It is reasonable, however, to consider any mitigating factors in each punishment situation, such as past history and performance. Positive punishment is what we think of when we think of a “punishment”. Reinforcement theories focus on observable behavior rather than needs theories that focus on personal states. The groups created consisted of employees that either performed complex tasks, or performed more simple tasks.

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