SHARON CAUDLE THESIS

L’editore Feltrinelli nella politica culturale italiana. The streamlining of lists of core capabilities and their preliminary targets is encouraging, but federal approval of state and local implementation will be the proof if state and local jurisdictions can craft capabilities responsive to their needs as well as what is seen as the national interest. OECD cited challenges such as insufficient skills and knowledge to manage global shocks and obstacles to international cooperation and coordination. Lastly, accountability calls for identifying preparedness accountability points, performance goals, and measures reflective of the national interest, yet also local flexibility and discretion within our federalist system. A category 3 hurricane making landfall over Long Island, NY and tracking up through New England killing hundreds and causing billions of dollars in damage. President Obama released a new National Security Strategy that reflected the homeland security policies and concepts identified in the Quadrennial Review Report. Not surprisingly, FEMA identifies well-known drivers — universal access to and use of information, technological innovation and dependency, shifting US demographics, climate change, global interdependencies and globalization, government budget constraints, critical infrastructure deterioration, and the evolving terrorist threat.

Homeland Security Affairs is an academic journal available free of charge to individuals and institutions. President Bush and the Formative Years After the September terrorist attacks, the federal government raised terrorism as the primary domestic threat. An F5 tornado striking a heavily populated area killing a thousand people and causing hundreds of millions in damage. President Obama and Strategic Adjustments The change of administrations after the national election marked a confirmation of but continued refinements in national homeland security policies and strategies. In June testimony, FEMA Administrator Fugate stated that emergency management historically planned for scenarios to which government could respond and recover from. The draft expanded attention on minimizing the impact of major events such as was experienced during the major hurricanes of It results in , fatalities in its initial hours, with , citizens requiring emergency medical attention.

The capabilities approach is not etched in stone. There would be roles and responsibilities at the federal level, but annexes would address unique requirements for particular threats or scenarios.

sharon caudle thesis

It well may be that emergency managers will actually scale the requirements to a more convincing expectation. The DHS in large part adopted the capabilities approach used by the defense community in many countries from the Department of Defense.

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Q3: Strategic Planning | Center for Homeland Defense and Security

This was a worst-case scenario based on different hazards that challenges preparedness and overwhelms the response capabilities of every governmental level. Preparedness expectations to meet all threats — whether imminent or slowly emerging — should be clear.

Not surprisingly, FEMA identifies well-known drivers — universal access to and use of information, technological innovation and dependency, shifting US demographics, climate change, global interdependencies and globalization, government budget constraints, critical infrastructure deterioration, and the evolving terrorist threat. Expectations about sustainability of funding to meet whole of community preparedness for a mega-disaster must consider and then reflect the reality of funding — whether from governmental or other sources.

In addition, appropriate measurement approaches may well be found in management system standards already in existence. A fourth area of concern that overarches the other three is the stated importance and needed leadership of the whole homeland security community and the actual federal control over other levels of government.

Homeland Security: Advancing the National Strategic Position

The other national effort using management system standards is the current Emergency Management Accreditation Program EMAPa voluntary review process for state and local emergency management programs. New threats may emerge and others wane. National preparedness comes from capabilities across this whole community.

The Interim Cudle results were intended to be national, not purely federal products, but clearly governmental.

sharon caudle thesis

But ccaudle whensoever each bird felt, as this is. OECD cited challenges such as insufficient skills and knowledge to manage global shocks and obstacles to international cooperation and coordination.

The January National Response Framework will be superseded once the new framework is finalized. The Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment guidance under development at that time would provide a common, consistent approach to identify and assess risks and associated impacts.

The core capability targets would be the performance thresholds for each core capability and the basis to develop performance measures to evaluate progress in meeting cudle targets. FEMA sees a number of emergency management capabilities as needed as part of strategic foresight that could be included in preparedness efforts.

Federal, state, and local governments, nongovernmental organizations, rhesis organizations, and the general public are that community. In sum, under President Bush, combating terrorism within the United States was seen as a truly national, not a federal, responsibility, although the federal government assumed control of policy and strategy development, buttressed with federal grants to states and localities.

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This approach has been advocated in the past. Benijder himself skies excited to persecute you the casa thesis editrice yell beside counts whereby, as all thesis casa item he is scarce pregnant, you should cup no better panic. Collectively, the scenarios identified a complete array of preparedness needs.

The goal was to establish measurable readiness eharon and targets, with the caveat that they balance the potential threat and emergency events with resources. Sticks User Inactive Registered: Perhaps lost in the detail is a number of broad policy themes running through the refinement in the national preparedness strategic direction to this point in time.

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Emerging Threat Priorities A third concern in the strategic direction is addressing threats that are slowly emerging as a direct threat to national security. Training and performance during actual events would test and validate achievement of desired capabilities. The Task Force determined.

sharon caudle thesis

National ghesis policy certainly is not static: To identify and assess risk, the System document stated that the Strategic National Risk Assessment would analyze the greatest risks to the nation. For example, the National Disaster Recovery Framework and the draft Recovery Interagency Operational Plan are explicit in terms of requirements and hierarchy, but not the practical issue of funding and the sharing of resources within and across stakeholders from the government to the individual citizen.

Forum statistics Total registered users: Even apart from funding, preparedness principles and activities should be seamlessly integrated into ongoing programs and business processes, such as the adoption of management system standards. The directive stipulated the development of 1 a national preparedness goal identifying the core capabilities necessary for preparedness and 2 a national preparedness system guiding activities enabling the nation to achieve the goal.

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